Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Origin and Brief History
A fashionably adorable breed from the spaniel class of toy dogs, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is one of the United Kingdom’s most popular canine varieties. Late in the 17th century the King Charles line of the spaniel class was altered dramatically when it was interbred with another flat-nosed member of the spaniel family. Ironically it has been told that breeders were attempting to recreate a dog with a facial configuration that resembled Charles II. Early in the 18th century John Churchill, the 1st Duke of Marlborough, boarded a red and white variety specifically for hunting and the dog is supposedly to have been marveled keeping up at full speed with the trotting horses.
Blessed with big beautiful eyes plus an eloquent soft coat, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is as delightful a dog to admire, as they are to cuddle. When they greet their beloved owners with their characteristic effervescent eagerness, mouth agape and tongue lapping, they appear to smiling from floppy ear to floppy ear. Not only adorable in the eye of the beholder, this breed of spaniel is customarily overflowing with affection, tremendous with both children and other animals, all the while never seeming to tire of human companionship.
As with most dog breeds, bathing every month to month and half is advised. With the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel though it is strongly recommended to eliminate any tangled or matted hair prior to the bath. Bathing can make the problem worse as the wet mattes can become almost impossible to handle. Sometimes clipping heavy fur areas can be helpful, and they will grow back, but is a decision left to owner preference. Always remember much of the Cavalier’s exquisiteness lies in the beauty of their coat of fur, so special care and attention will be rewarded and appreciated by the dog.
Specification of breed
For centuries an endeared species to England, it has only been since around the year 2000 that the breed has grown in recognizable popularity in the United States. Americans seem to be more enamored with the smaller toy breed therefore it is more associated with the country. Adults that may grow no larger than their adolescent aged English relatives are frequently seen in the American variety. As much a part of their ambiance as their bubbly eyes and gorgeous fur coat, the Cavalier is noted for their floppy ears. An owner should be mindful of a slight tendency to get ear infections, so ear care should be given diligent attention. Recognizable colors of the Cavalier, most with rich chestnut blends of pearl white, are the classic Blenheim, Tricolor (black/white/tan), black and tan, plus the unique ruby shades.
Having such an intensely compassionate affection for people, probably the single most important feature for a prospective Cavalier owner to remember is the need for human attention. This is not a breed that does well introduced into a home environment that cannot freely offer the time and love they need and will loyally return. When considering the Cavalier King Charles breed of spaniel it is also imperative to note a few common physical ailments that can befall the animal. King Charles’ most notably can develop a heart valve disorder that can lead to heart failure, the most common cause of death. There is also minimal risk of spinal cord malformations, and possible hip dysplasia. In spite of any mild potential for illness, the most prevalent aspect a buyer should be aware of when considering ownership of this beloved English breed of spaniel is a cavalier sense of dedication and admiration for their owners.
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